When it comes to your homes plumbing installation, their is nothing more important then considering what type of pipes get installed and understanding why. Here at AquaMaintain we live and breath pipes! There are numerous types of piping materials available in the market today, and they come in different sizes and specifications, choosing the right pipes for your plumbing projects may be overwhelming or may even be confusing.
This quick guide will let you understand some of the basics when it comes to plumbing pipes:
Pipe Materials for Water Supply
1. CPVC – Chlorinated Polyvinyl Chloride is a material well known as a choice material for domestic sprinkler systems in homes. It is also ideal for distributing water supply in the household as it is lightweight and flexible. It can be used for hot and cold water supply system. CPVC pipes are often used as an alternative for copper pipes in interior applications.
2. PEX – Cross-linked polyethylene or PEX is a strong pipe materials that can be used both for hot and cold water. Due to its flexibility, it can be installed fast and easy with fewer connections – which in turn provide better water flow. Also, this material doesn’t corrode and less likely to burst from freezing, thus making the life of your water piping system longer.
3. PVC – Polyvinyl chloride is the third-most widely produced synthetic plastic polymer and it is widely used as a piping material by plumbers. However, its use is only limited to cold water applications, specifically for irrigations and other outdoor water supply systems.
4. Copper – Same as CPVC and PEX, copper pipes may be used for hot and cold water. They are ideal for almost all water supply application in commercial, domestic and industrial premises. Copper is very flexible making it perfect for manoeuvring your piping system through small and tight spaces. Take note that copper pipes are a bit costly compared to other materials, though they are of top quality.
Pipe Materials for Waste Drainage and Vents
1. PVC – PVC pipes are also mainly used nowadays for waste-water and drainage systems. They are commonly buried underground and are interconnected using primer and solvent cement or mechanical couplings. These pipes can easily be cut and are available in many sizes making them ideal for different scenarios. They can also be easily replaced or repaired when damaged.
2. ABS – Acrylonitrile Butadiene Styrene is another ideal material for waste-water systems. It is a tough, heat resistant engineering plastic suitable for residential, commercial or industrial piping systems.
3. Cast Iron – This material, although seldom used nowadays, is strong and durable offering longevity. It can easily be incorporated to other types of materials with the use of transition fittings. Cast iron is becoming obsolete in modern plumbing due to the availability of many non-corrosive and lightweight alternatives.
Pipe Materials for Gas
1. Copper – This material is used for both external gas piping system and for indoor gas distribution. Same as with the use in water systems, copper pipes are very flexible and ideal for tight spaces.
2. PVC – Take note that PVC pipes are only used for underground gas piping. They can be used to transport natural gas or propane from an outdoor source into the house for distribution. However, they should not be used for the distribution itself.
3. Polyethylene – This is a durable material that provides long-term resistance against natural elements. Polyethylene pipes are available in coils and can be used as a better alternative to PVC pipes. They can be connected through heat fusion or with the use of mechanical fittings.
Important Note: Gas pipe fixes are better handled by professionals for safety reasons. Thus, avoid doing pipe repairs or replacement on your own. Whether you are from Altona, Werribee, Hoppers Crossing, Point Cook or the surrounding Melbourne suburbs, our professional plumbers will be able to help you any time of the day, any day of the week.
Knowing these different types of materials for pipes is important for your plumbing project. However, this knowledge doesn’t qualify you to do plumbing installations or repairs on your own. It would still be advisable to hire us experts. If you have plumbing maintenance or projects that you want us to handle, drop us a line today!